From time to time the Gold attracted people with its beauty and plasticity. It has been mined during 6 thousand years , but until 1492 the total production was only 12.7 thousand tons. Today, the world's gold reserves reach 200,000 tons. If you collect all the gold in one place, you get a cube with a side of 20 meters. We'll tell you how is producing of such a rare metal and how a gold fevers of the 19th century changed the world.
Brazilian gold rush
The first known gold rush had started in Brazil in 1690. At the same time it were the most longest-termed and the most massed: during 133 years more than 400,000 prospectors from Portugal and half a million slaves from Africa took a part in it. That fever had such a huge impact on the country that the government had to move the capital from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro. 1,000 tons of gold and 3 million carats of diamonds had been mined here.
Caroline Gold Rush
The first gold in the US was found in 1799. It all started with the fact of teenager, Conrad Reed , walking along the riverbed found funny stone. The boy took it home and used it as a door prop . A few years later, the house owner drew attention to that stone. That thingthat every day was lying under the feet turned out to be nugget almost of 8-kilogram ! A few weeks later the news spread around the country and , the miners was trying to reach Carolina from the all corners of the USA.
Fever in Georjia
That golden boom started in Georjia , America. The mining of gold was preventing by the Indians, living at these territories. 100,000 Indians were evicted in on-reserve area. Empty lands were sold to the gold miners. The government held 8 land lotteries, players of which could receive land enriched with gold. The capital of the mines was the city of Dahloneugu (the name is translated from the Cherokee language as "yellow"). The US Mint even opened its branch office here for embossing mint's coins from the local gold.
Gold rush in Siberia
In 1812, the Senate of the Russian Empire gave the country citizens the right to mine gold for further sale to the Treasury. Precious metals could be obtained only by a certain faces of the social classes . Placers of gold were found in the Kuzbass in 1828. It was mined by dozens of poods and caused a real agiotage. Kiisko Village grew at the mines of prospectors and became Mariinsk Town . Here worked a points of hiring miners had been and taverns, where they could spend their earnings. In this area, the phrase " take money by shovel " was born -it meant the land that was dugging up in search of nuggets. In a difference with United States, in the tsarist empire there was no concept of free mined. The miners were obliged to surrender gold to merchant, who owned the land. Often, people were forced to become a miners, they were driven into exile. The peasants were also a cheap labor force. Poor and hungry they became a convenient tool in a hands of the mines owners . Private gold mining stopped in Siberia in 1921.
California Gold Rush
Before the fever began, San Francisco was a tiny settlement. With the mines beginning city was filled by migrants and small traders. The population increased 25-fold in two years. People had to live in tents, nevertheless, in each tent quarter there were casino and tavern. The city plunged into chaos: robberies, murders, epidemics of typhus and cholera. In one of the ships had to equip the prison. Despite all the turmoil, over the years of mining, it was possible to find a gold for several billion dollars in today's equivalent. Although some miners returned home empty-handed, but at least alive.
Klondike Gold Rush
At the end of t19th century, gold was found in Alaska, near a stream that flows into the Klondike river. This was an incredible success, because the region passed under American flags, and just a few years ago its development required huge money. Gold mining led to the opening of navigation in Alaska and the development of cargo ports: gold could be shiped in tons. It was in this region that the phrase "the golden bottom" was born. The phrase is attributed to Robert Henderson, who filled up Winchester holster with gold, scouting a new places. The brook, where the miner found nuggets, was later named Eldorado.
Gold Rush in New South Wales and Victoria
The first fever in Australia had started in 1851. Returning from the golden diggings in California, the miner discovered the gold deposit . As a result, thousands of people came from the already poorly populated country were drawn here. After the first gold discovery , the population of Australia increased threefold. The government of Victoria tried to stop the outflow of residents to New South Wales and promised giving a money to someone who finds gold. And the gold was found in six months. Yes, so that in a couple of years the staff became the world leader in gold mining. From here to Melbourne every week sent up to two tons of precious metal. Soon the Chinese began to come to Australia. The local population had been not really rejoiced of visitors, which led to riots and insurrections. The government of the country imposed taxes on entry into the country, and whole situation as a whole led to the formation of a new society of white Australia policy.
There are many more golden booms around the world. We talked only about the most famous of them. As you can see, gold was reward to people for hundreds of years through a bloody time. Today it's much easier to become the owner of gold. It's enough to become a member of Solomon Mines Club and accumulate gold bars in the amount that will be convenient for you. And for doing this, You shouldn't even need to leave the house.